With over 200 nations competing, the Olympic Games are regarded as the world's premier sporting event. The Olympic Games are generally held every four years, with the Summer and Winter Olympics alternated every two years.
For centuries, the Olympic Games have served as a method of bringing countries and people together. The Olympic Games, which are held every four years, have become a symbol of peace that does not discriminate between faiths, languages, ethnicities, or colours.
The Olympic Games, which bring together athletes from all over the world, are the world's largest sporting event. Despite the fact that the Olympic Games are fraught with challenges and unwelcome scenarios, they have long been regarded as the world's most important event.
Olympic Games host nations must bear considerable expenses in order for the organisation to be flawless. As a result, the Olympic Games are only held in industrialised developed countries.
Furthermore, the Olympic Games have a favourable impact on the national economy by significantly increasing the country's tourism revenue. The current study investigates the nations where Olympic Games were hosted, as well as the effects of the Olympics on culture and the economy.
The Olympic Games are founded on polytheistic ancient Greek mythology. In Greek mythology, the Olympic Games were organised for the first time in the name of Zeus, the greatest god.
The Ancient Greeks held athletic competitions in Olympia in the Peloponnese. The first existing written records of these events date back to 776 BC.
Nowadays, the contemporary Olympic Games, which are held in various nations every four years, have become a symbol of international peace. Olympic Games are expensive sports organisations with athletes, fans, journalists, and television broadcasters participating.
MODERN OLYMPIC GAMES
The Olympic Games were banned by Theodosius, the Roman Emperor, in 393 AD, and games were not played for 1500 years. The Olympic Games were reintroduced in 1896 and have been ongoing ever since. In 1892, French Baron Pierre De Coubertin proposed reorganising the Olympic Games.
The first "International Olympic Committee" was formed on June 23, 1894, with 79 representatives from 13 countries. The Olympic Games were reorganised by the committee, and the first Olympics were staged in Athens in 1896. The Olympic Games were reintroduced in 1894. The Olympic Games Committee convened in Sorbonne and established the following principles :
• The Olympics will be held every four years.
• The competition will only include adults.
• Amateurism rules are essential.
• Every Olympics will be held in different countries.
• Olympics will be open to everyone.
• The committee's chairman will be Baron Pierre de Coubertin.
• The International Olympic Committee (IOC) was also established with this decision.
The Olympic Flag is white with five interwoven rings in the middle, and it is flown at the main stadium and all other venues throughout the Games.
The rings are blue, yellow, black, green, and red, with the blue ring on the far left, closest to the flagpole. These rings symbolise the five continents that have joined the Olympic Movement. The drawing below depicts the appropriate placement and interlacing of the rings.
No country's national flag does not include one or more of these colours. It was invented in 1913 at the proposal of Baron de Coubertin, and it was first used at the Olympic Games in Antwerp in 1920.
There are official flags for both the Olympic Games and the Olympic Winter Games.
The Olympic flag, rings, and motto, " Citius - Altius - Fortius " which means Faster, Higher, Stronger, are property of the Olympic Games and may not be used in conjunction with other events. Any commercial usage is absolutely banned. National Olympic Committees are responsible for ensuring that these regulations are followed.
JUDGES AND TECHNICAL OFFICIALS
The International Federations are in charge of appointing judges and technical officials for the Olympic Games. These technical officials must be living icons of honesty, fair play, and good sportsmanship, and they should be picked accordingly. In certain sports, the outcome is determined by a watch or a tape measure, but in many others, the decision is made by the authorities.
As a result, referees, umpires, and judges play a critical role in the Games. Recognizing this, many International Federations hold particular courses for the training of umpires, judges, and referees, and they are not permitted to perform in the Olympic Games or other international events unless they have a certificate from their International Federation.
OTHER OLYMPIC AWARDS
1. The Olympic Cup was established in 1906 by Baron de Coubertin. It is currently given to an institution or organisation with a broad reputation for distinction and honesty that has been active and efficient in the service of amateur sport and has made significant contributions to the growth of the Olympic Movement. The Cup is still on display in Campagne Mon-Repos, and the winner receives a bronze plaque and a certificate.
2. The Olympic Diploma of Merit, created at the Congress in Brussels in 1905, is awarded to an individual with qualifications similar to those described in the previous paragraph (Olympic Cup). This diploma may be awarded to Honorary Members of the International Olympic Committee.
3. The Fearnley Cup, founded in 1950 by Sir Thomas Fearnley, former member of the International Olympic Committee, is given to an amateur sport club or a local amateur sport association because of meritorious achievement in the service of the Olympic Movement. The Cup remains at Campagne Mon-Repos ; the recipient is given a miniature and a diploma.
4. The Mohammed Taher Trophy, founded in 1950 by Mohammed Taher, member of the International Olympic Committee, is awarded to an amateur athlete, who may or may not have competed in the Olympic Games but whose general merit or career justifies the award of a special distinction. The Trophy remains at Campagne Mon-Repos ; the recipient is given a plaque and a diploma.
5. The Count Bonacossa Trophy. The Count Banacossa Trophy offered in 1954 by CONI, the National Olympic Committee of Italy, in honour of Count Alberto Bonacossa, member of the International Olympic Committee for many years, is awarded to the National Olympic Committee which during the preceding year has done outstanding work in furthering the Olympic Movement. The Trophy remains at Mon-Repos ; the recipient receives a miniature and a diploma.
International Olympic Committee Decisions
1. Making capital out of sports for political purposes.
The International Olympic Committee notes with great satisfaction that its efforts are universally approved, it rejoices in the enthusiasm which the Olympic Movement has encouraged among the different nations and it congratulates those which, with a view of encouraging popular sports have adopted vast programs of physical education.
The practice of interrupting the occupation of an athlete (studies or employment) to put him in a camp for athletes for over three weeks for special training is not in accord with the ideals of the Olympic Games.
A professional in one sport is considered a professional in all other sports. In the opinion of the International Olympic Committee, this rule should have general observance.
4. Doping of athletes.
The use of drugs or artificial stimulants of any kind is condemned and any person offering or accepting dope, in any form whatsoever, cannot participate in the Olympic Games.
Women have been participating in sports since 1900.
There were no female athletes in the inaugural modern Olympic Games, as there were in Ancient Greece. Only men participated in Athens in 1896. Female athletes faced several stereotypes at the time.
People were concerned that they might lose their femininity, acquire too many muscles, or become infertile. As a result, they had to overcome this mentality and eventually assume their place at the Games. Women made their Olympic debuts in tennis and golf in the 1900 Games in Paris (France).
Criteria for selection as an Olympic sport
A sport must be controlled by an International Federation that adheres to the Olympic Charter and the World Anti-Doping Code in order to be included in the Olympic programme.
A recognised sport may be introduced to the Olympic programme if it is extensively practised across the globe and meets a number of criteria defined by the IOC Session.
Since 2000, there has been no change in the number of sports on the Summer and Winter Games programmes, but rather adjustments to events to reduce the size of the Games.
The Daily Life at the Olympic Village
Athletes stay at the Olympic Village after arriving in the host city. Their time at the Games is not just devoted to competing; it is also an opportunity for them to meet other competitors from various countries and cultures. Communal life is beneficial for fostering communication between athletes from various sports or representatives from distant nations.
All residents of the Village agree: it is not about the comfort of the surroundings or the quality of services; it is about the relationships formed amongst athletes from all over the world.
The Olympic Village of today is nearly a city! It is normally positioned near the competition sites, and its construction is treated extremely seriously throughout the Games' preparations. For example, in London in 2012, the Village housed approximately 17,000 athletes and officials!
Many advantages are available to the village's residents. They may dine at the Village restaurant at any time of day or night, have their hair cut, go partying, or attend nighttime performances.
When the Games are over, the Olympic Village is transformed into a new residential neighbourhood for the city, with houses sold or rented to the locals.
This style of lodging has not always benefited athletes.
For the 1932 Olympic Games in Los Angeles, the first complete Olympic Village
Athletes (all men) from 37 different nations ate, slept, and trained together.
For the first time, community amenities such as a hospital, a fire station, and a post office were available.
Women used to stay in hotels rather than the Olympic Village in the early days. The Olympic Village was not available to both sexes until the 1956 Games in Melbourne.
The torch relay creates a link between the Ancient Olympic Games and the modern Olympic Games.
The Olympic torch relay is a modern-day commemoration of the Games. There were no torch relays at the ancient Olympic Games, despite the fact that they were held in Athens. The manner by which the flame is lighted, on the other hand, conforms to the method utilised by the Ancient Greeks to light the fires that burned perpetually on the altars in their temples.
The Olympic torch is lit at Olympia, Greece, some months before the Games begin. The Olympia illumination ceremony comprises actresses dressed as ancient Greek priestesses. The Olympic flame is created by focusing the heat of the sun in a parabolic mirror.
The flame is passed to the first relay runner after it has been lighted. It is then conveyed by relay using the Olympic torch to Athens, where it is placed in a safety light and then flown to the Games host country.
When the flame arrives in the country, the relay resumes, and the journey changes depending on the destination.
The path of the Olympic torch relay is meticulously planned.
The torch often takes a course that maximises exposure to the residents and their culture, as well as taking in major natural or historical locations, in the Games host country.
The Olympic torch is received with great excitement by the populace as it travels. The flame marks the arrival of the Olympic Games and sends a message of peace and brotherhood.
The passage of the Olympic flame into the Olympic stadium is one of the opening ceremony's highlights, with the identity of the last torch bearer kept hidden until the last minute. This individual is tasked for igniting the cauldron in which the Olympic flame will burn during the Games.
How Does An Athelete Goes To The Olympic Games ?
In order to participate in the Olympic Games, athletes must comply with the Olympic Charter and follow the rules of the International Federation (IF) governing their sport.
The International Federations (IFs) organise qualification events, while the National Olympic Committee (NOC) is in charge of registering competitors for the Games.
If an athlete has dual nationality, he or she may participate for either country. However, if they have previously represented one nation at the Olympic Games or another big sporting event, they are not permitted to participate for the other country until a specified amount of time has passed.
There are no age restrictions for competing in the Games, with the exception of those set by particular IFs for health reasons.
Athletes who compete in the Olympic Games pledge to uphold the Olympic principles. They consent to doping testing.
Athletes that want to compete in the Olympics must be extraordinary in their sport. To attain this level, individuals must put in long hours of training, have a competitive attitude, and a willingness to compete against others.
The majority of athletes' ultimate ambition is to get selected for the Olympic Games.
How Are The Winners Rewarded ?
In the ancient Panhellenic Games, victors were rewarded with wreaths of olive, celery, laurel or pine. In the modern Olympic Games, the three best athletes in each event are honoured with medals of gold, silver or bronze.
Today, the winner’s medal must be covered with at least six grams of pure gold. The first eight competitors receive diplomas.
HOW IS OLYMPICS FUNDED ?
The first modern Olympic Games were partly financed by issuing a set of Olympic stamps. For the 1952 Olympic Games in Helsinki, coins were struck for the same reason.
These examples demonstrate the numerous methods used to fund the Olympic Games. Other sources of money have been explored as the Games have developed during the course of the twentieth century.
The rights paid by television broadcasters to broadcast the Games are now the primary source of revenue.
In the 1980s, the IOC implemented a marketing strategy aimed at forming ties with global corporations. These firms contribute financial assistance as well as knowledge that is vital during the Games by purchasing the licence to use the Olympic emblem (technology, equipment, and so on).
As souvenirs, a variety of Olympic-related things are available.
Mascot development offers an additional boost in this area. They contribute to the visual identity of the Games in addition to the sales profits they produce. These personalities, whether real or imagined, animals or humans, serve as a crucial communication tool. They are constructing a link between the Olympic host city and the entire public.
At the 1968 Winter Games in Grenoble, the first mascot was established. However, the mascot of the 1992 Olympic Games in Barcelona was undoubtedly the most commercially and popularly successful. Javier Mariscal's small dog Cobi emerged in a range of forms and materials.
What Is Olympism ?
Olympism is a living philosophy that exalts and integrates the attributes of body, will, and intellect into a harmonious totality. Olympism attempts to build a way of life based on the joy of effort, the educational value of good example, social responsibility, and respect for universal core ethical values by fusing sport, culture, and education.
The purpose of Olympism is to put sport at the service of humankind's harmonious development in order to promote a peaceful society concerned with the preservation of human dignity.
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