A Research Study On Green Banking In India: Strategies And Opportunities

I was wondering whether you were familiar with the term "Green Banking in India." Even if that's the case, though, you needn't fret! This article provides a comprehensive analysis of Green Banking in India, a novel approach to sustainable development that has been thoroughly studied.


Through their support of green businesses and organisations, banks may significantly contribute to environmental health and economic development. The phrase "Green Banking" is used to describe this type of financial institution. In order to bring about the necessary economic innovation, banks may give strong leadership by opening up novel possibilities for investment policies and financing.



When we talk about "green banking," we're referring to the practice of integrating new technologies, enhancing existing ones, and adapting to customers' shifting needs and preferences. Banks may save money, prevent fraud, and lessen their risk of making costly mistakes by adopting "Green Banking" practices, in addition to helping the environment.


While Indian banks don't generate pollution on their own, they frequently finance the initiatives of corporations and organizations that do. Banks' indirect or direct impact on the environment comes from the money they lend to businesses.


Green Banking In India: Means


Green Banking involves lowering carbon footprint from normal banking activities and encouraging environmental friendly actions. This may be done in numerous forms i.e. paying online bills instead of mailing them, utilizing online banking service instead of branch banking, the establishment of money market accounts and commercial deposits in online banks etc.


Green banking refers to the successful and systematic use of computers to maximise the usage of waste-less paper, servers and printers. By boosting the use of online banking among consumers, banks may implement green banking and this would also assist them to cut operating costs and enhance efficiency.


Some examples of Green Banking strategy and products/services are:


1. Electronic Banking


With the advent of online banking, financial institutions now have a simple opportunity to reduce their environmental impact. Online banking goes by a variety of other names, including e-banking, m-banking, mobile banking, and virtual banking. Online banking is an electronic payment system that lets other financial institutions or clients of a bank to undertake a range of financial transactions through the banks’ website.


2. Green Mortgages and Loans


Banks provide green mortgages with lower interest rates than the market rates for the retail clients who are willing to invest in retrofits or acquire new energy-efficient houses. This will also empower customers to invest in energy-efficient appliances. Generally, green house mortgages are termed Energy Efficient mortgages (EEM’S).


3. Green Credit and Debit Card


This may be utilised while making the payments of expenses without carrying the money. Banks give an amazing incentive to the credit cards in the shape of points which they may redeem for their next purchase.


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4. Green Car Loan


Many green car loans have interest rates that are far lower than the market average, making it more attractive to buy vehicles that can prove to be more fuel efficient.


5. Deposit Capture (RDC)


With this feature, you may scan checks from anywhere and securely send the photos to the bank. The deposit is reflected in the customer's account as soon as the bank receives the picture of the check. It is more common for banks to provide this service to corporations than to individuals.


Green Banking in India: Benefits to Know:


Cut down on paperwork and you reduce forest deforestation.


Customers may receive green mortgages and green cards through green banking since it reduces the need for paper and increases the use of electronic and online transactions.


Due to the increased importance placed by green banks on environmentally positive criteria, the interest rates we pay on loans from them are lower than those charged by traditional banks (ecological gains).


One of the main ideas of a green bank is “natural resources conservation” while analyzing operating/capital loans to the industrial company sector.


Green banks raise enormous levels of consciousness among business people about their social and environmental obligations, with the aim of encouraging them to engage in environmentally beneficial corporate practices.


Green banks are financial institutions that adhere to and promote environmental financing criteria for the benefit of future generations.


Free online bill pay is one of the many eco-friendly services offered by green banks.

You may fill out an application for a green account on their website.

Also, for creating green accounts, cashback will be provided by the green banks to all new clients.


Because of this, green banking has a wide range of benefits for both the planet and for people.


India's Green Banking: Overcoming Obstacles

While following and accepting green banking practises, the banks will confront the problems which are:


As a relatively new industry, the green banking sector is dominated by start-up institutions. As a general rule, financial institutions require between three and four years to break even. Hence, it does not aid green banks during the recession.


Sometimes banks are prone to losing their reputation since banks are involved in those initiatives which are socially and ecologically detrimental.


Well-trained loan officers and other personnel are a must for green banks to deliver adequate service; these employees bring valuable additional expertise when working with a diverse range of consumers, but their salaries add significantly to the already high operating expenses of green banks.


When banks extend credit to companies whose profits have dropped due to increased pollution costs or stricter emission standards, this is called "credit risk."


One of the major obstacles for green banks is security concerns and

technological malfunctions.


Green Banking Initiative in India


On green initiatives, the Government of India has provided instructions/guidelines to banks. All central, regional, rural, and public sector banks were instructed to:


*Improve the prevalence of cashless transactions.

*Boost your utilisation of CBS (Core Banking Solution)

*It is recommended that video conferencing be used more often.

*Offer centralized payment solutions like RTGS and NEFT.


Green Banking: Key Takeaways


The Banking, Financial Services, and Insurance Sector (BFSI) in India should take the lead in making the country's economy and society more environmentally friendly. Banks feel that, for constructing a greener future, any tiny but vital move made today will go a long way towards contributing for a healthier global environment.


Furthermore, there are a plethora of untapped opportunities for banks to transition into greener financial activity. Till far, green practises have been introduced in selected branches owing to diverse obstacles.


However, Green Banking is beneficial not just to the financial sector, but also to the economy and the nation as a whole. In the long run, Green banking would help improve banks' asset quality and seal the deal on greening various businesses.